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Ewald Jürgen Georg von Kleist (1700-1748)

Polish version
Ewald Georg von Kleist (10 June 1700 – December 11, 1748) was a German jurist, Lutheran cleric, and physicist. A member of the von Kleist family, Ewald was born in Vietzow in Farther Pomerania. He studied jurisprudence at the University of Leipzig and the University of Leyden and may have started his interest in electricity at the latter university under the influence of Willem 's Gravesande. From 1722-1745 he was dean of the cathedral at Kammin in the Kingdom of Prussia, after which he became president of the royal court of justice in Köslin. On 11 October 1745 he independently invented the “Kleistian jar”, more commonly known as the Leyden jar after 's Gravesande's graduate student Pieter van Musschenbroek of Leyden. The idea for the Leyden jar was discovered independently by two parties: German scientist and jurist Ewald Georg von Kleist, and Dutchmen Pieter von Musschenbroek and Andreas Cunaeus. These scientists developed the Leyden jar while working under a theory of electricity that saw electricity as a fluid, and hoped to develop the jar to "capture" this fluid. In 1744 von Kleist lined a glass jar with silver foil, and charged the foil with a friction machine. Kleist was convinced that a substantial electric charge could be collected when he received a significant shock from the device. The effects of this "Kleistian jar" were independently discovered around the same time by Dutch scientists Pieter van Musschenbroek and Cunaeus at the University of Leiden. Musschenbroek communicated on it with the French scientific community where it was called the Leyden jar.

 


Project of commemorative plaque of a discovery by E. Von Kleist (status of 23.05.2013 – according to the letter of D. Lee – EPS secretary). 

European Physical Society – EPS Historic Site

The Cathedral of Kamień Pomorski

 Here the physicist Ewald Georg Juergen von Kleist, Dean of the Cathedral, devised on 11 October 1745 the "Kleist Bottle". This was one of the first devices to store electricity: the prototype of a capacitor. The "Kleist Bottle" became known as the "Leiden Jar", after it had been independently re-invented in the Dutch university town of Leiden.

 Kamień Pomorski - 11 October 2013


Project of 9.10.2013

 

 

Program for the anniversary of the Kleist bottle invention

(prototype of a capacitor)

by Ewald Georg Jürgen  von Kleist on 11.10.1745

and settling the memorizing plague funded by European Physical Society (EPS)

 

Kamień Pomorski – Pobierowo 11-13.10.2013

 

Friday, 11.10.2013

 

12.00 – 12.30 official ceremony of settling the memorizing plague „EPS Historic Site” on the front wall of the ``Kleist Palais''situated near to Kamień Pomorski Cathedral – ex-President of EPS prof. Maciej Kolwas and President-elect of PPS (Polish Physical Society) prof. Katarzyna Chałasińska-Macukow

 

12.30 – 13.00 interactive experiment exhibition related to electricity and energy generation (secondary school students from LO Świnoujście, Eureka Foundation) followed by a short organ concert in the Cathedral 

 

13.00 – 13.15  walk to the town hall in Kamień Pomorski

 

13.15 - 16.00 – a session in the town hall devoted to the physical, historical and social aspects of the discovery entitled "Ewald von Kleist - a discoverer of a capacitor and a citizen of Kamień Pomorski"

 

13.15 – 13.30 – official speeches by the Mayor of Kamień Pomorski and guests

 

13.30 – 14.00 – lecture “Increasing the power of electricity – discovered by Ewald von Kleist” (Mr. Andreas Makus, German Physical Society)

 

14.00 – 14.45 – reception for the participants of the session

 

14.45 – 15.15 – lecture “Life and work of Ewald von Kleist” (Mr. Grzegorz Kurka, Museum of Kamień Pomorski)

 

15.15 – 16.00 – lecture “Clean, safe, and sustainable energy sources – the energy storage problem” (prof. Konrad Czerski, Institute of Physics, University of Szczecin)

 

 

Organizers: Polish Physical Society, European Physical Society, Kamień Pomorski Town Hall

 

Partners: European Physical Society, Berlin Physical Society, German Physical Society, Max-Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Eureka Foundation

 

Patrons: Westpomeranian Voivode, Marshal of the Westpomeranian Region, University of Szczecin, Westpomeranian University of Technology, Marine Academy in Szczecin

 

Patrons (media): TVP Szczecin, Kurier Szczeciński

 

Sponsors: Polish Physical Society, European Physical Society, Kamień Pomorski Town Hall,   ENEA S.A, Polish Energy Group, Eureka Foundation

 


 

Program of the conference

``Ewald von Kleist contribution and its consequences to the development of science''

 

Friday 11.10.2013

 

16.15 - 17.00 – a tranfer of the participants to the University of Szczecin conference site in Pobierowo near to Kamień Pomorski

18.00 – diner

19.00 – informal session devoted to the discovery of E. von Kleist

 

Saturday 12.10.2013

 

Session on the history, contemporaneity, and philosophy of physics

(chair: prof. Janusz Typek)

 

9.30 – 10.00 prof. Maciej Kolwas „From a capacitor to a condensate – traps and trapping”

10.00 – 10.30 prof. Gebhard von Oppen “The problem of  `morphogenesis' in physics and chemistry”

10.30 – 11.00 prof. Michael Müller-Preussker „From electricity to the Higgs particle: unifying our view of fundamental forces”

11.00 – 11.30 coffee break

11.30 – 12.00 prof. Sławomir Kaczmarek „Jan Czochralski. Crystal growth method and its modifications”

12.00 – 12.30 prof. David Blaschke “Highest electric field strength in the laboratory: Fundamental physics with modern laser facilities”

 

13.00 – 15.00 lunch break

 

Session on the current problems of energy generation in contemporary world

(chair: prof. Konrad Czerski)

 

15.00 – 15.30 prof. Mariusz Dąbrowski „Public reception of the nuclear energy program in Poland”

15.30 – 16.00 Dr. Götz Ruprecht „The German nuclear angst – comparison of electricity generation techniques”

16.00 – 16.30 – coffee break

16.30 – 17.00 Dr. Armin Huke „A novel modular nuclear plant for highly effective electricity generation, chemical synthesis, and transmutation”

17.00 – 17.30 Dr. Natalia Targosz-Ślęczka “Energy problems of modern Europe”

 

19.30 – conference diner

 

Sunday 13.10.2013

Session devoted to physics education in the context of discovery of E. von Kleist

(chair: Dr. Stanisław Prajsnar)

10.00 – 10.30 Hanna Bartnik (M.Sc.) “Philosophy of nature in physics teaching”

10.30 – 11.00 Dr. Aneta Mika „From von Kleist discovery to the contemporary electrotherapy”

11.00 – 11.30 coffee break

11.30 – 12.00 prof. Maciej Kolwas „The structure and activity of the European Physical Society”

12.00 – 12.30  prof. Michael Müller-Preussker “Activity of the Berlin Physical Society”

 

13.00 – lunch

16.00 – end of the conference 

  




Osrodek Wypoczynkowo-Szkoleniowy
Uniwersytetu Szczecinskiego
ul. Grunwaldzka 66,
72-346 Pobierowo,
tel.+48 91 3864052